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Santokh Singh

Guru Nanak was not only a spiritual prophet, but also a sociologist par-excellent. He spiritually guided humanity during middle ages like Moses, Christ and Mohammad. He preached high spiritual values for peace of mind. He was very keen for social, economic and political uplift of masses. He depended only on God, truth, logic, reason and rational. He guided the mankind like Confucius and Socrates. What Guru revealed and preached during 16th century was propagated by western sociologists during 18th and 19th centuries.

The revealed Gurbani of Guru Nanak, his four successors and thirty godly .\saints of different religions and castes was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev in the form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib and installed in Harimandar Sahib. The central idea of the hymns of Gurus and saints is identical. Guru Arjan Dev revered Sri Guru Granth Sahib so much that he used to sit at a lower place than the Sabad Guru. Guru Nanak revealed in his Gurbani that Sabad is the real Guru. Guru Gobind Singh ordained that Guruship in person will end with him and hence fourth Sri Guru Granth Sahib will be the Guru and the Sikhs are to seek guidance and lead from the Sabad Guru. He himself bowed before the Sabad Guru.

I feel pity on those Sikhs who install Dasam Granth along with Sri Guru Granth Sahib. I feel they are defying Guru’s command out of some ignorance. May Waheguru bless them and offered them the capability to understand Truth and Reality. Our Scholars like Bhai Mani Singh and Baba Deep Singh had faith only in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Bhai Mani Singh tried to collect Bani of Guru Gobind Singh in those turbulent days. Meetings were held to gauge the authenticity of the material collected. Some portion was found to be mythological and some portion was ob-scene. Such writing can never be of Guru Gobind Singh. Sikh scholars could not take any decision and there are different versions of the Dasam Granth. It seems that it is a mixture of Gurbani by the Dasam Guru and poetry by manuvadis. However, no other book can be installed with the Sabad Guru. Such acts are not Gurmat but Manmat. There are people, who. want to weaken and ultimately decimate Sikhism. They spread manmat and anmat among simple, illiterate, semi-educated and selfish Sikhs.

Sri Guru Granth Sahib is an ocean of spiritual as well as worldly knowledge. This is an eternal Guru of Sikhs. Sikhs on all important occasions seek (Hukamnama) guidance from the Sabad Guru. Japji Sahib is the gist of Sabad Guru and Mul Mantra is the gist of Japji Sahib and basis of Sikh theology. “God is the only Infinite One, the only Supreme Being, the Eternal, Universal Spirit, the Creator, All Pervading, Sovereign, Harmonious, the Un-incarnated, Self-existent, Formless, without fear and rancour, the Enlightener and Bountiful. No incarnation of God in human or any other form”. Islam believes in the unity of God. The conception of God in Holy Quran is resonating with the conception of God given in Mul Mantra. Like Sikhism, Islam does not believe in god and goddesses, or idol worship and incarnation of God. Both Guru Gobind Singh and Prophet Mohammad never claimed to be more than a man. Both Sikhism and Islam believe in revelation of God’s message. Thus Sikh theology and Islamic theology are nearer to each other and both support egalitarian society, unlike caste system of manuvadis.

Guru Nanak cogitated on religious, social economic, and political problems of the masses. He drew the conclusion that caste system was mainly responsible for poverty, ignorance, backwardness, and slavery. Gurbani condemned the selfish priestly class and alien rulers for plundering the masses. Gurbani has compared the selfish priests wearing religious robes with butchers of humanity. Gurbani challenges the upper caste of the Brahman on the plea that he is born like other human. Hymns of Sri Guru Granth Sahib expose the caste system. Brahmans approached the Mughal Court against the compilation of the Sabad Guru. The king dismissed the case and paid reverence to the Sabad Guru. Eternal Sabad Guru preaches against manuvad and its theory. Equality of mankind, right to education, work culture, sovereignty, self-respect, fearlessness for following righteousness, truthful living, fellow feeling, co-operation, aspiration for high moral and cultural values, altruistic service, social cohesion and social harmony are some of the teachings of the Sabad Guru.

The Guru lead the Sikhs for unity with God and social unity. Teachings of Sri Guru Granth Sahib produced extraordinary brave men with high moral values. Alien rule was uprooted. The success of Sikh revolution was due to the teachings of the Sabad Guru. Girls abducted by Afghan raiders from Delhi area were rescued in Punjab, and handed over to their parents respectfully as if they were rescued by their real brothers. S Jassa Singh Ahluwalia gave all the money received by him as Tawan during the expedition up to Gang Doab, for the re-construction of Golden Temple! destroyed by Abdali. Nawab Kapoor Singh continued the altruistic service of his Jatha even after assuming the role of a ruler. Martyrdoms of Bhai Mani Singh, Bhai Gurbax Singh, Bhai Taru Singh, Baba Deep Singh, and many others were inspired by the Eternal Sabad Guru.

Guru blessed Khalsa with principalities and a kingdom. Manuvadis penetrated into Khalsa courts and counseled manuvadi theology. For personal pleasures ,and selfish interests Sikh rulers practised manuvad and un-Sikh rituals. Khalsa blocked the centuries old routes of invaders and guaranteed peace and prosperity. But self styled nationalists and patriots allowed cunning, clever and hypocrite British imperialists to reach Delhi without any resistance. As soon as Sikh rulers stopped practicing the teachings of the Sabad Guru, Guru with-drew the blessing. Sikh princes accepted British sub-ordination. Britishers waited for about half a century, till the Sikh ruler was very much influenced by the Brahmincal philosophy. Manuvadis pretending as Sikhs, held high positions in Khalsa court of Lahore. Maharaja Ranjit Singh practised un-Sikh rituals and never cared to follow the Sabad Guru. He also did not like the counsel of Akali Phula Singh and S. Hari Singh Nalwa to follow the Guru’s teachings. The Britishers ultimately intrigued and annexed Khalsa Raj with the help of manuvdis holding high positions at Lahore, and Indians forming Bengali Army. The Khalsa army practising Guru’s teachings taught lesson to Britishers in the battlefield. Britishers who easily reached Delhi from Calcutta had to pay very heavy price for crossing Sutlej river. Punjab was annexed, but Manu vadis were not satisfied. A Brahman helped Britishers for complete destruction of Sikh kingdom by converting child Sikh Raja to Christianity. Khalsa infused by Guru’s teachings of the sovereignty, produced martyrs like Bhai Maharaj Singh, Baba Ram Singh, S. Kartar Singh Sarabha, Sardar Bhagat Singh and S. Udham Singh. Though Sikhs were less than 1% in India, still Sabad Guru’s teachings produced 80% martyrs for freedom struggle. Hence Sikh martyrs were the product of Sabad Guru and not of any national movement.

At page 1136 of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Sikh prophet has categorically revealed that he is not Hindu. The Honorable members of constituent assembly were not aware of this Hymn, which reveals that Sikhs are not Hindus. Though inadvertently enacted Article 25 classifying Sikhs as Hindus amounts to blasphemy of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the secular and rational sections of Indian society should get this mistake rectified which is a great disrespect to Sikhism. Servile Sikhs and conspiratorial elements propagate that Khalsa was created for the protection of a particular religion. This is without any basis and the fact is that Khalsa was created as per will of God for protection of truth, righteousness and human rights as enshrined in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Prosperity of Punjab and Sikhs all over the World is due to the culture enshrined in the Shabad Guru. Guru advises us to control five vices, lust, anger, greed, bondage and pride. Best service of Guru as revealed in Gurbani is to recite NAM, concentrate on NAM, understand NAM and to practise NAM in daily life. Rituals are of no use. Gurbani leads us to become super human and to attain, lion like character. Total stress is on productive work and high morality, production of wealth by honest means and no grabbing of wealth. Hard and honest work but no unfair means to earn live-Ii-hood. Sikhs will continue to flourish inspite of different retardations applied to there growth, as long as their follow Sabad Guru and avoid the company of sakat.

The concept of One Eternal God, Humanity his creation, truthful living, righteousness, egalitarian society, mutual cooperation, non-exploitation, democracy, meritocracy, altruistic service, love for humanity, work culture, social harmony, sovereignty for humanity and logic would prevail in this age of science. Sri Guru Granth Sahib does not preach fanatic nationalism which was the cause of two world wars and present violence all over the globe. The Sabad Guru preaches love and welfare of humanity. Let Enlightener God eradicate illiteracy, superstition, fatalism, hypocrisy, hatred, fascism and fanaticism.





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